For a beginner distinguishing the sex of a canary is a somewhat complex task. Even experts can be wrong when it comes to identifying whether a canary is male or female. The only infallible method to know if it is female is for it to lay eggs. Any other method can be misleading. That why we tell you how to know if your canary is male or female with several tips in this regard.

Steps to follow:

1. When the birds are already adults it is easier to distinguish by their shape if a canary is male or female. Males are generally more athletic, have a more upright pose, and are slimmer. The females are usually smaller in size, their body and head are more rounded. Even in certain types of canaries the sex can be differentiated by the colour of their plumage. This can be appreciated by an expert in canary breeding, since the plumage of the male is much more striking than that of the females.

2. The best time to detect if your canary is male or female is during the breeding season. This period begins in late winter and early spring although this will depend on the climate of the area. During the courtship ceremony, canaries show certain differences in behaviour according to their sex. Males usually sing in a melodious and intense way to capture the attention of females.

If you have a couple of canaries in a cage, if there is a male he will try to feed him directly in the beak to woo the female. If there were another male canary, it is normal for them to become somewhat more aggressive. The females have a different behaviour and begin to prepare the nest looking for materials that are useful to create a safe and soft site. Some females sing but if they do, their song cannot be compared in beauty to that of males. An important fact to distinguish the male is that it stops singing during the molt and in winter.

3. The most concrete method to differentiate the sex of a canary is by looking at the cloaca area during the heat period. To be able to observe the cloaca you must blow or wet gently to have better visibility. Males at the exit of the cloaca have a bulge called a button, and fertile females have a flat abdomen up to the cloaca. This can only be observed during heat, it is impossible to detect it at another time.

4. There are other more or less effective ways to determine the sex of a canary while it is still in the nest. Many experts say that you have to hit the nest and check the reactions of the birds. Males often lower their heads and lift their tails. However, the females don’t even flinch.

Another method to find out if it is male or female is to place the babies in a towel or tissue that they can hook their feet on. If they do not stop moving and try to go exploring, it is a sign that they are male. Breeders also say that if they sing just before the first molt, they are most likely males. Although there is a possibility that they are female and that song is due to a hormonal disorder.

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