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Have you thought about dedicating yourself to raising canaries? These animals are very sensitive and the reality is that breeding them is not difficult, but there are a number of things to take into account, since if you are not knowledgeable about these aspects, surely, you cannot achieve your goal. The

babies could die, or things could be more complicated than they need to be.

In this article we tell you how to breed canaries and all the tips you should know if you want to increase your family of these birds. Also, remember that, before you start to breed these birds, find out if in the area where you live it is legal or not to do so and under what conditions.

Breeding season

If you want to know how to breed canaries at home, the first thing to take into account when putting together a couple of these birds is the breeding season for canaries, which is in spring. This happens because the days begin to be longer, with more light, and they take advantage of this moment and mate at this time of year, because by the time the chicks are born the weather conditions will be optimal for their growth, avoiding too cold times. It should be noted that in the wild, food is more plentiful too in spring.

Choice of cage and nest

Another point to consider is the cage and the nest. The cage must be spacious, at least 50 cm long, and there must be a divider so that the two canaries located in the same cage get to know each other slowly, instead of suddenly throwing them together. The divider will keep them from hurting each other while they get acquainted. When the male begins to feed the hen through the bars, you may remove the divider.

Don’t forget to include a suitable nest in the cage for when it is time to lay the eggs. In food and animal care stores, they sell ready-made nests for canaries. We like this plastic nest with felt pad because it is easy to clean.

Choice of partner

A month or two before the breeding season, you should be clear about which pair of canaries that you are going to breed. In addition, there are different types of canaries and it is not recommended that they be mixed, like crossing song canaries with colored canaries. If you wonder at what age canaries reproduce, we clarify that it is advisable for canaries to be at least one year old when you put them together, after which they can continue to breed until they are 4 or 5 years old. (They can breed as young as 6 months – but doing this puts them at risk)

Both birds should be dewormed prior to breeding. Also it is advisable to administer a good vitamin complex. (See products below) And of course, go to the vet if you suspect that a either one is ill. We also recommend you read this other article on How to know if my canary is male or female

Meeting and mating of the canaries

When a few days have passed you will notice that the canaries are more comfortable and will interact more with each other. It is possible that the male tries to feed the female. If this happens you can remove the divider so that they are together. If it happens that you remove the divider and the canaries are not ready to breed, they may live together normally but usually fights can also arise, in the latter case it is best to separate them.

You will notice after a few days that the male is excited, as he jumps around the cage singing with a higher pitch than normal. When it is time for mating, the male will approach the female, normally singing to her, and she will bend down and lift her tail to facilitate copulation. This action is repeated several times a day to ensure the fertilization of the eggs.

Laying the eggs

It is necessary to be attentive to the laying of the eggs, since if your female canary lays one egg a day, they will not all hatch at the same time. It is convenient for the eggs to hatch more or less together, in order to avoid problems. What you can do is remove each egg from your female and replace it with a fake one, while the real ones should be kept in a box with cotton at room temperature.

When you see that your canary has laid all the eggs, which are usually two to five eggs, remove the fake eggs and replace the original ones. In this way they will all hatch at the same time and you will avoid that one is too large and asks for a lot of food or on the contrary, the last baby is too small and weak and does not survive.

Care of canary babies

IF you are wondering how long it takes for a canary to hatch from the egg, the answer is that about 15 days after the mother began to incubate all the eggs. When they hatch from the egg, they will be blind and covered with down, since the feathers will begin to show after 10 days of life. It will be better for you to leave the nest alone during the first week after the birth of the young, since otherwise the mother could abandon them.

About 20 days of age, the chicks will be ready to jump from the nest (called ‘fledging’) and for about 2-3 more weeks they will be fed and cared for by their parents. You can introduce fresh foods and millet during this time, but they will only nibble it. They will still get most of their nutrition from the parent birds.

It will be after this when you will have to give them a diet for canaries , usually at about 6 weeks. The diet should consist of pellet food, seeds, fruit and vegetables. The vitamins that come in drops are also useful for the chicks to grow healthy and strong, these are usually added to the water.

Abba 1700 Canary Bird Food 5 lbAbba Canary food4.6 out of 5 stars
Kaytee Forti DietKaytee forti diet canary4.7 out of 5 stars
Volkman Avian Science Super Canary Bird Seed 4 LbVolkman canary food4.7 out of 5 stars

Nest abandonment

When the chicks leave the nest, the canaries can re-breed one or two times more during the breeding season. That is why it is important that you have a cage large enough to raise the new members and that the couple continues to have their space.

Two Baby Canaries in Nest

Apart from all the advice that we have given you to breed canaries and the different aspects to take into account for their care, we encourage you to go further and learn about what are the most common diseases in canaries , so you can take care of them as well as possible and know better when to go to the vet.



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